Mount Bromo which is famous for its beautiful sunrise is located in East Java, precisely entered into four districts namely Probolinggo, Lumajang, Malang, and Pasuruan. Located at an altitude of 2,329 masl, this tourist attraction offers its own uniqueness, because it is located in the middle of the caldera formed by the eruption of Mount Tengger.
The terrible eruption of Mount Tengger (4,000 masl) which is the largest and highest mountain at that time created a caldera with a diameter of more than 8 kilometers. Volcanic eruptions now turn into a sea of sand. As a result of the volcanic activity, a magma tunnel emerged which resulted in the formation of new mountains such as Mount Semeru, Widodaren, Shell, Wanakan, Kursi, and Bromo.
The name of the mountain itself comes from the word Brahma (one of the Hindu Gods). Together with Semeru, Batok, and the Tengger mountains, these attractions enter the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) area. Puffs of white smoke from the volcanic crater, beautiful sunrise and a sea of sand surrounded by a caldera are the main attractions of this tourist attraction.
Besides watching the beauty of the panorama, you can also watch the Kasada Ceremony when it comes at the right time. The ceremony that is held by the Tengger people usually starts at midnight until early morning every full moon around the 14th or 15th of the 10th Kesodo month according to the Javanese calendar. Kesodo Ceremony is a ceremony to ask for an abundant harvest or to request for reinforcements and healing from various diseases, namely by offering offerings and throwing them into the crater of Mount Bromo.
Activities You Can Do on Mount Bromo Tourism Spot
Enjoy Sunrise from Pananjakan Hill
Chasing Sunrise is the main destination for visitors who should not be missed. Pananjakan Hill 1 and Pananjakan Hill 2 are the best and favorite places for visitors to enjoy this panorama. In this place has been provided a kind of large gazebo with a wide terrace fenced around, to facilitate visitors to capture the beauty of the panorama safely and freely. During weekends or the holiday season, Pananjakan 1 and Pananjakan 2 will be very crowded by visitors, so come early so you can get the best spots for taking photos.
Behind the silhouette of the majesty of the Tengger Mountains, a reddish-yellow tinge in the eastern horizon slowly illuminates the sky, driving out the darkness that is studded with stars. The Dawn appeared dashing, greeting with golden light. At these times you will feel the magical moment of the greatness of nature, to make you fall in love and want to come back here again.
Trekking to Mount Bromo Crater
After satisfied capturing the sunrise, it never hurts to continue trekking to the Bromo crater while enjoying the warm morning sun. To get to this crater from Pananjakan Hill, the Jeep car that we are riding will explore the road in the Tengger caldera ridge, and then descend across the sea of sand until it reaches the entrance.
From the Jeep parking lot we have to walk around 2-3 KM then go up 250 steps. Hmm, it looks tiring, but take it easy, for those who cannot walk, many residents offer horse rental to take them to the steps. Not in vain of efforts to climb the steps, when we reach the top we will be welcomed by the splendor of the still active Bromo crater and the beauty of the Tengger 360 mountains around us.
Exploring Padang Savana (Teletubbies Hill) and Whispering Sand
It’s not complete when visiting Mount Bromo without exploring Padang Savana (Bukit Teletubbies) and Whispering Sand. Surely you remember the iconic hill in the Teletubbies TV series that lay in the green meadows, well that’s the view. That is why these green hills are called Teletubbies hills. The difference is that in the Teletubbies hill, the savannah is in the form of savanna that is covered with weeds so it looks yellowish, especially when the dry season arrives. In this place you can run free and don’t forget exciting photos with your traveling companions.
After walking through the savannah, don’t forget to visit the sea of sand or more popularly called Whispering Sand, after being used as a shooting location for the film with the same title. When the wind blows hard, the roar of the wind will bring grains of sand to make sounds like whispers that add to the natural uniqueness of this region.
To be able to enjoy the best views of this tourist spot, you should visit when entering the dry season (April – October). Abundant sunlight will make your photos look good. It’s not fun to visit Mount Bromo during the rainy season because the view is likely to be covered by fog. Because of its status which is an active volcano, make sure also info about its volcanological status. When there is an eruption or alert status, visitors are prohibited from approaching the crater to a radius of 1 KM.
In addition to not finding obstacles, prepare your physical condition to always be fit, considering the temperature in this region is very cold and can reach temperatures below 0˚. Wear clothes that warm your body, such as thick jackets, training pants / thick material (not jeans), scarves, gloves, skullcaps and use shoes with thick socks to be comfortable when worn trekking. Don’t forget to bring a mask and sunglasses / sunglasses to protect you from wind-borne sand dust.
Information on Attractions
Mount Bromo Tourism is included in the management of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS), so the entrance ticket we buy is the TNBTS entrance ticket for Rp. 21,500, – for weekdays and Rp. 32,500, – for holidays (quoted from wisatakebromo.com sources). The window itself starts at 3:00 in the morning.
The entrance of Cemoro Lawang in Probolinggo is a favorite of visitors because of adequate tourist facilities, such as lodging, camping ground, public toilets, restaurants and can be headed by public transportation. Lodging in the Cemoro Lawang area is also diverse, ranging from homestay-style accommodation with a fee of Rp.100,000 / room to a hotel class. If you want to be more economical, you can set up your tent on a camping ground.
For exploration of attractions in the Mount Bromo area, you can rent Jeep owned by local residents, many of which are offered around the ticket window. Private cars are not allowed for exploration into national parks, given the difficult paths, 4WD-engined cars need to be able to cross steep inclines and deserts and seas of sand. Usually Jeep rental has been packaged to several objects at once, 1 jeep can be filled 5-6 people with rental prices starting at Rp. 550,000 up to Rp. 1,600,000, – depending on the starting point and what objects you visited.
How to get to Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo which is located between several cities makes this mountain has several choices of entrance lanes. The paths are Nongkojajar, Tosari, Probolinggo and Lumajang. The path that many tourists pass is the Nongkojajar and Tosari lines which are the closest Bromo tourist entrances from Malang and Surabaya.
There are several modes of transportation to get to the Bromo tourist area. From Jakarta or other big cities can use the train / plane to Malang / Surabaya. If you want to practical visitors can use tour services to Mount Bromo, which is widely offered via the internet with the location of the shuttle in Malang / Surabaya. There is also a package offering midnight tour (not staying) so that the package price is cheaper around Rp. 300,000 / person, departing at 22:00 WIB from Malang / Surabaya to be able to see the sunrise on Pananjakan hill.
For those who want to try a backpacker-style trip, you can take the economy train (Matarmaja train) from Jakarta to Malang and then take the bus from Arjosari bus terminal, Malang to the Banyu Angga terminal, Probolinggo. From there continue to take the bison elf to Cemoro Lawang, the fare is Rp.35,000 / person with a travel time of approximately 1.5 hours. What the bison elf has to pay attention to is that until around 4 pm the rest will be subject to charter rates.
In the Pananjakan hill area and the area under the Bromo crater, you can find traders who peddle various unique souvenirs such as fridge magnets, Mount Bromo-themed shirts, and other handicrafts. There are also traders who peddle crafts from edelweiss flowers. It is unfortunate because Edelweiss is one of the protected flowers, so it should not be labeled.